Last updated: Friday, 03, December, 2010
CausesAppropriate Tests

Urinalysis (dipstick); this is a reliable test for haematuria if properly performed, but does not distinguish haematuria from haemoglobinuria and myoglobinuria.

Urine microscopy to confirm haematuria; to distinguish 'glomerular' from 'post-glomerular' (tubular and urinary tract) haematuria by the presence or absence of dysmorphic red cells; to differentiate haematuria from haemoglobinuria and myoglobinuria.

Urine culture, if indicated.

See also Coloured urine, Haemoglobinuria, Myoglobinuria, Haemolysis


Urinary tract calculi

Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract tumour, especially

  • Kidney
  • Renal pelvis
  • Bladder
  • Prostate

Urine cytology. FNAB and lesion biopsy as appropriate.

See Renal mass

See Prostatic enlargement

Polycystic kidney disease

See Cystic renal disease

Analgesic nephropathy

See Analgesic abuse


Bleeding disorder, especially

See also Bleeding

See Anticoagulant monitoring
See Haemophilia


Exercise - induced