Last updated: Monday, 13, December, 2010
|Key Information||Appropriate Tests|
|HTLV-I/II antibodies with confirmation of positive results by western blot.|
Mother to child
|See Sexually transmitted diseases|
Intravenous drug use
|Routine HTLV-I/II antibody testing of blood, semen and tissue donors. See Blood transfusion|
Adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma
FBC; calcium; bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy with immunophenotyping, molecular genetics.
Skin biopsy of affected area.
Tropical spastic paraparesis
HTLV-I associated myelopathy
|CSF examination may be normal or show slight protein elevation with increased mononuclear cells.|
Chronic progressive myelopathy
Occasional cases of spastic paraparesis and myelopathy have been associated with HTLV-II infection.