Last updated: Friday, 06, August, 2010
|Key Information||Appropriate Tests|
Patients usually present with hypertension and/or muscle weakness.
Electrolytes (hypokalaemia is usual, but a normal potassium does not exclude the diagnosis); aldosterone/renin ratio; electrolytes - urine.
If aldosterone or aldosterone/renin ratio elevated, special studies are required - consult pathologist.
|Primary||Hyporeninaemic hyperaldosteronism (Conn's syndrome).|
Adrenal aldosterone secreting tumour (aldosteronoma)
Bilateral adrenal hyperplasia
|Aldosterone after 2 mg dexamethasone daily for 3 days.|
Renal disease, especially
|Bilateral renal vein renin; renin after captopril load.|
|Not associated with hypertension.|