Last updated: Thursday, 23, December, 2010
Cerebrospinal fluid examination - microscopy and culture; protein, glucose (compared with plasma glucose), India ink preparation, cryptococcal antigen if the CSF cell count is abnormal and/or if patient has HIV infection; cytology to identify eosinophils and malignant cells, if appropriate.
Mycobacteria testing - CSF.See Mycobacterial infection
Gastric aspirate, ear swabs - Gram stain and culture.
Often termed 'aseptic meningitis'.
Investigation is usually only of value in outbreaks or epidemics, to determine the specific virus responsible.
CSF, faeces, throat swab, nasopharyngeal aspirate - virus detection, culture as appropriate.
|See Herpes simplex infection|
CSF microscopy (including phase contrast for motile trophozoites).
CSF microscopy (including cytology for eosinophils).
CSF microscopy (including cytology).