Last updated: Wednesday, 27, October, 2010
Blood gases; electrolytes, anion gap. See also Acidosis.
Defined as alkalosis with a positive base excess and increased bicarbonate.
Volume (chloride) depletion, especially
Adrenocortical hyperfunction, especially
Severe potassium depletion
See under Hypokalaemia.
Excessive alkali intake
In primary respiratory acidosis.
Defined as alkalosis with decreased pCO2.
In primary metabolic acidosis.