Last updated: Friday, 21, January, 2011
FBC, differential WCC, blood film; CRP or ESR; creatine kinase (CK) and CKMB; cardiac troponin I and cardiac troponin T are more sensitive and specific.
If diagnosis is uncertain or if confirmation is required: myocardial biopsy including viral and bacterial culture.
Serology as indicated. Virus detection, culture - throat swab/gargle and faeces.
Definitive diagnosis usually requires virus detection, culture: enterovirus (coxsackievirus) antibodies are of little value.
See Chagas' disease under Trypanosomiasis
See Mycoplasma infection
Q fever antibodies.
Drug effects, especially