Pericardial effusion

Last updated: Friday, 24, December, 2010
CausesAppropriate Tests

Pericardial aspiration is usually diagnostic: pericardial fluid - cytology, protein, microscopy and culture; pericardial biopsy is occasionally helpful.

Pericarditis

Haemopericardium

Malignancy, especially

Cardiac failure (severe)

Hypoalbuminaemia

Myxoedema

SeeĀ Hypothyroidism