Last updated: Saturday, 22, January, 2011
CausesAppropriate Tests

If indicated: peritoneal fluid examination - microscopy, culture and cytology.

Blood culture. FBC, blood film, differential WCC.

'Surgical', especially

Peritoneal dialysis

Primary infection, especially

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae in
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis


See Alcoholism, Cirrhosis

See Splenic atrophy/absence

See Tuberculosis


  • Connective tissue diseases, especially

Systemic/metabolic causes of abdominal pain and 'peritonism' should also be considered.

Acute intermittent porphyria

See Porphyria

Hereditary angioedema 

See C1 inhibitor deficiency

Familial Mediterranean fever

Molecular genetics.