Complete Pathology Test Listing

The test listing includes most of the tests available to the clinician. The entries are brief. Where further information is required the reader should consult the pathologist.

Some of the tests listed in the RCPA Manual may have specific laboratory requirements. Please consult your local laboratory for further details.

Where reference intervals are included, please note that although most laboratory methods are now standardised, inter-laboratory differences may still occur. Individual results should be assessed using the reference intervals quoted by the pathology laboratory performing the test.

Background information about the Pathology Services section of the Australian Government Medicare Benefits Schedule can be found at Medicare-Benefits-Schedule-MBS

Pathology Tests by Alphabetical Order

14-3-3 protein - CSF
17-hydroxyprogesterone - serum
17-oxosteroids - urine
5-aminolaevulinate - urine
5-hydroxyindole acetate (HIAA) - urine
Acetylator status - urine or plasma
Acetylcholine receptor antibodies - plasma or serum
Acid phosphatase - plasma or serum
Acidification test - urine
Activated clotting time (ACT) - blood
Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) - plasma
Activated protein C (APC) resistance test - plasma
Acute phase reactants
Adenosine deaminase - red cell
Adenovirus antibodies - serum
Adrenal antibodies - serum
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) - plasma
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) - plasma or serum
Albumin - plasma or serum
Albumin - urine
Alcohols - plasma
Aldosterone - plasma
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) - plasma or serum
Alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes - plasma or serum
Allergen specific immunoglobulin E - serum
Allergen specific immunoglobulin G
Alpha fetoprotein - amniotic fluid
Alpha fetoprotein - serum
Alpha subunit - serum
Alpha-1-antitrypsin - faeces
Alpha-1-antitrypsin - serum
Alpha-1-microglobulin - urine
Aluminium - plasma or serum
Amino acids - plasma
Amino acids - urine
Aminolaevulinate dehydratase
Amiodarone - plasma or serum
Ammonium - plasma
Amoeba antibodies - serum
Amylase - plasma or serum
Amylase - urine
Anabolic steroids - urine
Androgens - serum
Androstenedione - serum
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) - serum
Anion gap - plasma or serum
Antenatal screening
Anti - deoxyribonuclease B (Anti - DNase B) antibodies - serum
Anti IgA antibodies - serum
Anti Xa (Anti factor Xa; Heparin assay) - plasma
Antibiotic assay
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) - plasma
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) - serum
Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) – serum
Antistreptolysin O titre (ASOT) - serum
Antithrombin - plasma
Antithrombin III
Apolipoprotein A1
Apolipoprotein B
Apolipoprotein E
Apolipoproteins - serum
Arbovirus antibodies - serum
Arsenic - hair and nails
Arsenic - urine
Ascitic fluid
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) - plasma or serum
Bacterial antigen detection - urine
Barbiturates - plasma or serum
Base excess - arterial blood
Bence Jones protein - urine
Beta carotene
Beta human chorionic gonadotrophin
Beta hydroxybutyrate
Beta-2-microglobulin - CSF
Beta-2-microglobulin - serum
Beta-2-microglobulin - urine
Bicarbonate - plasma or serum
Bilirubin - amniotic fluid
Bilirubin - plasma or serum
Bleeding time
Blood culture
Blood film
Blood gases - arterial blood
Blood glucose
Blood group
Blood group and antibody screen
Blood volume
Bone biopsy
Bone marrow biopsy
Bordetella pertussis antibodies - nasopharyngeal secretions, serum
Bordetella pertussis detection - nasopharyngeal secretions
Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies - serum
Brain biopsy
Breast biopsy
Breast Biopsy - Oestrogen receptors (ER) and Progesterone receptors (PR)
Breath tests
Bronchial brush, wash; bronchoalveolar lavage microscopy and culture
Brucella antibodies - serum
Burkholderia pseudomallei antibodies - serum
C-Peptide - serum
C-Peptide suppression test
C-Reactive protein (CRP) - serum
C1 Inhibitor - plasma and serum
C3 Nephritic factor (C3 NeF) - serum
CA 125, CA 19.9, CA 15.3
Calcitonin - plasma or serum
Calcium - plasma or serum
Calcium - urine
Calculi - biliary
Calculi - urinary
Carbamazepine - plasma or serum
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin - serum
Carbon dioxide (pC02) - arterial blood
Carbon dioxide (total) - serum
Carbon monoxide
Carboxyhaemoglobin - blood
Carcinoembryonic antigen - serum
Cardiac (endomyocardial) biopsy
Cardiac enzymes - plasma or serum
Cardiolipin antibodies – serum
Carnitine - plasma or serum
Carotene - serum
Cat scratch disease antibodies - serum
Catecholamines - plasma
Catecholamines - urine
Cell immunophenotyping
Cell immunotyping
Cell mediated immunity
Centromere antibodies – serum
Cerebrospinal fluid cytology examination
Cerebrospinal fluid examination
Ceruloplasmin - plasma or serum
Cervical cytology
Cervical cytology - conventional sample
Cervical cytology - liquid based cytology (thin layer specimen)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease testing
Chlamydia antibodies - serum
Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies - serum
Chlamydia trachomatis detection
Chlamydophila pneumoniae antibodies - serum
Chloride - CSF
Chloride - plasma or serum
Chloride - sweat
Chloride - urine
Cholesterol (HDL and LDL) - plasma or serum
Cholesterol (total) - plasma or serum
Cholinesterase - plasma
Cholinesterase - red cell
Chorionic gonadotrophin
Chymotrypsin - faeces
Clonazepam - plasma or serum
Clonidine suppression test - plasma
Clostridium difficile toxin - faeces
Coagulation factor inhibitors
Coagulation factors
Coagulation studies
Cold agglutinins
Collagen binding assay
Collagen crosslink fragments - urine
Colorectal biopsy
Compatibility testing
Complement CH50 or CH100 - serum
Complement component C4 allotypes
Complement components C1q AND C2 – serum
Complement components C3 and C4 - serum
Complement components C5, C6, C7, C8, C9 - serum
Conjunctival swab/fluid
Copper - plasma or serum
Copper - urine
Corneal scrapings/biopsy
Corticosteroids - plasma, serum and urine
Cortisol (free) - urine
Cortisol - plasma or serum
Cotinine - urine
Creatine kinase (CK) - plasma or serum
Creatine kinase isoenzymes
Creatine kinase isoforms - plasma or serum
Creatine kinase MB isoenzyme - plasma or serum
Creatinine - plasma or serum
Creatinine - urine
Creatinine clearance - Cockcroft and Gault
Creatinine clearance - Measured
Cryptococcal antigen - serum, CSF
CSF Rhinorrhoea Testing
Cyclic AMP - urine
Cyclosporin - blood
Cyst fluid cytology
Cystatin C - plasma or serum
Cytochemistry - bone marrow or blood
Cytogenetics (constitutional)
Cytogenetics (oncology)
Cytogenetics (prenatal and fetal)
Cytokine profile testing
Cytokine receptors (soluble) - serum
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibodies - serum
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) detection
Dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate - plasma or serum
Delayed hypersensitivity skin tests
Delta - aminolaevulinate
Dexamethasone suppression test (long)
Dexamethasone suppression test (overnight)
Digoxin - serum
Direct antiglobulin test (DAT)
Disaccharidases - small bowel mucosa
DNA antibodies - serum
DNA ploidy
Donath Landsteiner antibody
Down syndrome antenatal risk testing
Drug assays - therapeutic drug monitoring
Drug screen - urine
Drugs - toxicological screening - urine
Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy testing
Ear swab
Electrolytes - faeces
Electrolytes - plasma or serum
Electrolytes - sweat
Electrolytes - urine
Electron microscopy
Endometrial biopsy
Endomysial antibodies (IgA)
Endomysial antibodies - serum
Entamoeba histolytica antibodies – serum
Enterovirus antibodies - serum
Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibodies - serum
Equine morbillivirus antibodies
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
Estimated Glomerular filtration rate
Ethanol - breath
Ethanol - plasma or blood
Ethanolamine phosphate
Extractable nuclear antigen (ENA) antibodies - serum
Factor V Leiden
Factor XIII
Faecal fat
Faecal occult blood
Faeces - microscopy, culture and antigen detection
Faeces - ova, cysts and parasites
Familial polyposis coli testing
Fasciola hepatica antibodies - serum
Fat - faeces
Ferritin - plasma or serum
Fibrin degradation products (FDP)
Fibrinogen - plasma
Filaria - blood
Filaria antibodies - serum
Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB)
FISH (Fluorescence in situ hybridisation)
Five- aminolaevulinate - urine
Five-hydroxyindole acetate (HIAA) - urine
Flow cytometry
Flow cytometry for PNH
Folate - red cell and serum
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) - plasma
Forensic toxicology
Fourteen-three-three protein - CSF
Fragile X syndrome testing
Free Light Chains
Free T3
Free T3 index - serum
Free thyroxine
Free thyroxine index
Frozen section
Fructosamine - serum
Full blood count (FBC)
Fungal microscopy and culture - skin, hair, nails
Fungal microscopy and culture - tissue biopsies and sterile fluids
Gamma glutamyl transferase - plasma or serum
Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase
Gastric biopsy
Gastric cytology
Gastrin - serum
Genital swab
Gliadin antibodies - serum
Globulins - serum
Glomerular basement membrane antibodies - serum
Glomerular filtration rate
Glucagon - plasma
Glucose - plasma, serum, or whole blood
Glucose - urine
Glucose challenge test
Glucose CSF
Glucose test strips - blood
Glucose tolerance test (GTT)
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) - red cell
Glutamine - plasma
Glutathione s-transferase (GST) - serum
Glycated haemoglobin - red cell
Glycine - CSF
Glycol - plasma or serum
Gram stain
Growth hormone - plasma or serum
Growth hormone stimulation test
Growth hormone suppression test
Guthrie test
Haemoglobin (Hb)
Haemoglobin - A1c
Haemoglobin - faeces
Haemoglobin - oxygen affinity
Haemoglobin - plasma
Haemoglobin - urine
Haemoglobin A1c - red cell
Haemoglobin A2 (HbA2)
Haemoglobin electrophoresis
Haemoglobin F (HbF) - alkali denaturation
Haemoglobin F (HbF) - flow cytometry
Haemoglobin F (HbF) - Kleihauer test
Haemoglobin H inclusions
Haemoglobin M
Haemoglobin S (HbS)
Haemoglobin variants testing
Haemosiderin - urine
hCG - plasma, serum or urine
Heat shock protein 70 antibodies
Heavy metals - urine
Heinz body preparation - blood
Helicobacter pylori antibodies - serum
Hendra virus antibodies
Heparin-dependent platelet antibodies
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies - serum
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) testing - serum
Hepatitis C genotyping
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies - serum
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) antibodies - serum
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) antibodies - serum
HER-2 (c-erb B-2) Immunostaining
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) antibodies - serum, CSF
High Sensitivity CRP
Histone antibodies - serum
HIV Antibodies
HIV antibodies/antigen combination assay
HIV Antigen
HLA typing
HMMA (4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelate) - urine
Homocysteine - plasma
Homogentisic acid - urine
Homovanillate (HVA) - urine
HTLV-I/II antibodies - serum
Human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta subunit)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing
Huntington disease testing
Hydatid antibodies
Hydrogen - breath
Hydroxybutyrate - plasma
Hydroxyproline - urine
IGF-I - serum
Immune complex assays
Immunoglobulin D - serum
Immunoglobulin E - serum
Immunoglobulin G subclasses
Immunoglobulins G, A, M - serum
Indirect antiglobulin test
Influenza virus antibodies
Influenza virus antigen
Insulin - serum
Insulin hypoglycaemia stimulation test
Insulin-like growth factor
Interferon-Gamma assay for Mycobacterium tuberculosis
International normalised ratio (INR)
Intradermal allergen testing
Intravenous calcium stimulation test
Intravenous catheter tip culture
Intrinsic factor antibodies - serum
Iron - urine
Iron absorption
Iron binding capacity
Iron studies
Iron/iron binding capacity - serum
Isohaemagglutinin titres
Jo-1 antibodies (Histidyl-tRNA synthetase antibodies) - serum
Ketones - plasma
Ketones - urine
Ketosteroids - urine
L-lactate - blood or plasma
Lactate dehydrogenase (LD) - plasma or serum
Lactate dehydrogenase (LD) isoenzymes
Lactose tolerance test - plasma
Lamellar bodies - amniotic fluid
Laxatives - urine, faeces
Lead - blood
Lead - urine
Lecithin-sphingomyelin (L/S) ratio - amniotic fluid
Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 antigen - urine
Legionella sp antibodies - serum
Legionella sp antigen – bronchial washing
Leptospira sp antibodies - serum
Leucocyte alkaline phosphatase
Leucocyte count
Leucocyte differential count
Light Chains
Lipase - serum
Lipoprotein electrophoresis - plasma or serum
Lithium - serum
Liver biopsy
Liver function tests
Liver/kidney microsomal antibodies - serum
Lower respiratory tract cytology specimens
Lung biopsy
Lupus anticoagulant (inhibitor)
Lupus band test - skin
Luteinising hormone (LH) - serum
Lymph node biopsy
Lymphocyte immunophenotyping
Lymphocyte proliferative response
Lymphocytotoxic antibodies
Magnesium - faeces
Magnesium - plasma or serum
Magnesium - urine
Malaria antigen
Manganese - blood
Mean cell haemoglobin (MCH)
Mean cell haemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
Mean cell volume (MCV)
Measles virus antibodies - serum or CSF
Mercury - urine
Metadrenalines - urine
Methaemoglobin, sulphaemoglobin - blood
Methylhistamine – urine
Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) - bacterial isolate
Mitochondrial antibodies – serum
Molecular genetics
Molecular genetics - forensics
Molecular genetics - genetic disorders
Molecular genetics - haematology
Molecular genetics - microbial
Molecular genetics - neoplasia
Molecular genetics – individual genetic disorders
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) testing
Mumps virus antibodies
Muscle biopsy
Muscle specific receptor tyrosine kinase antibodies (MUSK)
Mycobacteria testing
Mycoplasma pneumoniae antibodies - serum
Myelin antibodies - serum
Myocardial antibodies – serum
Myoglobin - plasma or serum
Myoglobin - urine
Myotonic dystrophy testing
Nasal swab
Nasopharyngeal swab/aspirate
Neonatal screen - dried blood spot
Nerve biopsy
Neuromyelitis optica antibodies (anti aquaporin-4)
Neurone specific enolase - serum
Neutrophil alkaline phosphatase (NAP)
Neutrophil antibodies
Neutrophil function studies
Occult blood - faeces
Oesophageal biopsy
Oesophageal brushing cytology
Oestradiol - serum
Oestriol - serum
Oligodendroglioma - FISH testing
Organic acids - urine
Osmolality - serum
Osmolality - urine
Osmolar gap
Osmotic fragility - red cell
Osmotic gap
Osteocalcin - serum
Ovarian antibodies - serum
Ovarian biopsy
Oxalate - urine
Oxygen (p02) - arterial blood
Packed cell volume (PCV), haematocrit (Hct)
Pancreatic elastase - faecal
Paracetamol - Risk of Liver Damage
Paracetamol - serum
Parainfluenza virus antibodies - serum
Paraprotein typing - serum
Paraprotein typing - urine
Parasites - blood
Parathyroid antibodies – serum
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) - serum
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) - plasma
Parietal cell antibodies
Parvovirus B19 antibodies - serum
Paternity testing
Pemphigus antibodies - serum
Pentagastrin stimulation test
Peritoneal fluid (and washings) examination
PFA100 closure times
pH - arterial blood
pH - faeces
pH - urine
Phenobarbitone - serum
Phenytoin – serum
Phosphate - plasma or serum
Phosphate - urine
Phosphatidyl glycerol - amniotic fluid
Phytanate - plasma or serum
Plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)
Platelet antibodies
Platelet antigen typing
Platelet count - blood
Platelet factor 3 (PF3) availability
Platelet function studies
Platelet indices
Pleura biopsy
Pleural/pericardial fluid examination
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Porphobilinogen - urine
Porphobilinogen deaminase - red cell
Porphobilinogen synthetase - red cell
Porphyrins - faeces
Porphyrins - red cell
Porphyrins - urine
Potassium - faeces
Potassium - plasma or serum
Potassium - urine
Precipitins - serum
Pregnancy test
Pregnanetriol - urine
Primidone - serum
Procainamide - serum
Progesterone - (17 OH)
Progesterone - plasma or serum
Prolactin - serum
Properdin/Factor B - serum
Prostate needle biopsy
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) - serum
Protein (total) - serum or plasma
Protein (total) - urine
Protein C, Protein S
Protein electrophoresis - serum
Protein electrophoresis - urine
Prothrombin consumption index (PCI)
Prothrombin gene mutation (G20210A) testing
Prothrombin time (PT)
PTH-related protein
Pus - microscopy and culture
Pyruvate - blood
Pyruvate kinase - red cell
Q fever antibodies - serum
Quinidine - serum
Rabies virus antibodies - serum, CSF
Radioallergosorbent test
Red cell count (RCC)
Red cell distribution width (RDW)
Red cell mass
Red cell survival
Reducing substances - faeces
Reducing substances - urine
Renal biopsy
Renin - plasma
Reptilase time
Respiratory syncytial virus antibodies - serum
Respiratory syncytial virus antigen
Reticulin antibodies - serum
Reticulocyte count - blood
Rheumatoid factor - serum
Rickettsia sp antibodies
Ristocetin cofactor
Ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation
Rubella antibodies - serum
Salicylate - serum
Schistosome antibodies
Secretin stimulation test
Selenium - blood, plasma
Semen analysis
Semen analysis (post vasectomy)
Serotonin - platelet
Seventeen - hydroxyprogesterone - serum
Seventeen - oxosteroids - urine
Sex hormone binding globulin
Short Synacthen stimulation test
Silicone - serum
Silicone antibodies - serum
Skeletal muscle antibodies - serum
Skin biopsy
Skin prick allergen testing
Skin tests
Small bowel biopsy
Smooth muscle antibodies
Snake Venom Detection
Sodium - faeces
Sodium - plasma or serum
Sodium - urine
Soluble transferrin receptor - plasma or serum
Somatomedin C
Somatostatin - plasma
Sperm antibodies
Spinal muscular atrophy testing
Spino-bulbar muscular atrophy testing
Spino-cerebellar ataxias (SCA) testing
Sputum microscopy and culture
Steroid receptors (ER, PR) - tissue
Steroids - plasma, serum and urine
Streptococcus pneumoniae antigen - urine, CSF
Strongyloides sp antibodies - serum
Stypven time
Sucrose tolerance test - plasma
Sweat electrolytes
Synacthen stimulation test
Synovial fluid examination
Syphilis antibody testing - serum or CSF
Syphilis testing - mucocutaneous ulcer
T3 uptake - serum
T4 loaded uptake - serum
Taenia solium antibodies - serum
Temporal artery biopsy
Testicular antibodies - serum
Testicular biopsy
Testosterone - serum
Testosterone/epitestosterone ratio - urine
Thalassaemia screen
Theophylline - serum
Therapeutic drug monitoring
Thiopurine methyltransferase - red cells
Throat swab
Thrombin time
Thyroglobulin - serum
Thyroid antibodies – serum
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) - serum
Thyroxine (free) - serum
Thyroxine (total) - serum
Thyroxine - free thyroxine index - serum
Total iron binding capacity
Toxocara antibodies - serum
Toxoplasma antibodies - serum
Tricyclic antidepressants
Triglycerides - plasma or serum
Triiodothyronine (free) - serum
Triiodothyronine (total) - serum
Triiodothyronine - free T3 index
Triple Test
Troponin I - plasma
Troponin T - plasma
Trypanosome antibodies
Trypanosomes - blood
Trypsin - faeces
Tryptase – serum
TSH receptor antibodies
Tuberculin sensitivity test (Mantoux test)
Tumour markers - serum
Twenty five - hydroxycholecalciferol
Typhoid antibodies- serum
Unstable Haemoglobin screening test - blood
Urate - plasma or serum
Urate - urine
Urea - plasma or serum
Urea - urine
Urease test - breath
Urease test - gastric or duodenal mucosa
Urine acidification test
Urine cytology
Urine microscopy and culture
Urobilinogen - urine
Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase - red cells
Uroporphyrinogen synthetase
Uterine cervix (cervical) biopsy
Valproate - serum
Varicella Zoster virus antibodies - serum
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) - plasma
Very long chain fatty acids
Virus detection, culture
Viscosity - plasma
Viscosity - whole blood
Vitamin A - serum
Vitamin B1 - blood
Vitamin B12 - serum
Vitamin C - serum, leucocyte
Vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxy) - serum
Vitamin D (25-hydroxy) - serum
Vitamin E - plasma or serum
von Willebrand factor antigen (VWF:Ag)
von Willebrand factor multimers
Vulvar cytology
Warfarin - blood
Water deprivation test
White cell count (WCC)
White cell count differential
Whole blood coagulation time
Wound swab
Xylose Absorption Test
Yersinia sp antibodies - serum
Zinc - plasma or serum
Zinc - urine